Saturday, 2 May 2015

SBI PO Reasoning Quiz -16

Direction (Q. 1 - 5): Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity. Mark answer

1) if the inference is 'definitely true', ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given.

2) if the inference is 'probably true' though not 'definitely true' in the light of the facts given.

3) if the 'data are inadequate', ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

4) if the inference is 'probably false' though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given.

5) if the inference is 'definitely false', ie it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given for it contradicts the given facts.

Cinema's obsession with violence is growing. Most films have a liberal dose of it, and what is even worse is that much of it could have been edited out or not shot at all in the first place. Frames of brutality — cold-blooded murder or sadistic rape — mix and run along with perfect love stories or pleasing family dramas or pure children's fare. With the increasing tendency among our directors and producers to allow their heroes/heroines to act out evil, if only to justify the end, the line between good and bad is disappearing. For teenagers and even those younger, this can cause moral confusion, leaving them to often grapple with this dilemma by arguing that their favourite stars can do no wrong. If they kill, they had to. If they drank, drove and ran over someone, they had no other choice.

1. The teenagers and youngsters watch movies more frequently than older people.

2. Nowadays all sections of viewers watch violence in cinema.

3. Cinema is the most popular means of entertainment.

4. The film stars have much influence on the viewers.

5. The taste of film varies from generation to generation.

Direction (Q. 6 - 10): In each question below, there are three statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements.

6. Statements: a. All boards are pens.

b. All cards are pens.

c. No cards are files.

Conclusions: I. Some cards are boards.

II. Some pens are files.

III. Some pens are not files.

IV. Some boards are not cards.

1) Only either I or IV follows

2) Only I and II follow

3) Only either II or III follows

4) Only either I or IV and II or III follow

5) Only either I or IV and III follow

7. Statements: a. No friend is an enemy.

b. All covers are girls.

c. Some friends are girls.

Conclusions: I. Some covers are not enemies.

II. Some enemies are not girls.

III. Some friends are covers.

IV. Some enemies are friends.

1) Only I follows 2) Only III and IV follow

3) None follows 4) Only II follows

5) None of these

8. Statements: a. All sets are elephants.

b. Some elephants are camels.

c. No rabbit is a camel.

Conclusions: I. Some elephants are not rabbits.

II. Some sets are camels.

III. Some elephants are sets.

IV. No camel is a rabbit.

1) Only III follows 2) Only IV follows

3) Only I and II follow 4) Only I, III and IV follow

5) None of these

9. Statements: a. All oranges are flowers.

b. Some lemons are oranges.

c. No lemons are needles.

Conclusions: I. Some flowers are lemons.

II. Some oranges are needles.

III. Some needles are oranges.

IV. Some oranges are not needles.

1) Only IV follows 2) Only I and IV follow

3) Only III follows 4) Only II and III follow

5) Either II or IV and III follow

10. Statements- a. All couriers are postals.

b. No stamps ate revenues,

c. Some revenues are couriers.

Conclusions: I. Some postals are revenues.

II. Some couriers are not stamps.

III. Some postals are not stamps.

IV. Some postals are stamps.

1) Only either III or IV follows

2) Only II follows

3) Only either III or IV and II follow

4) Only I and II follow

5) None of these

Answers

1. 3; This can't be inferred from the given passage.

2. 1; From the third sentence, it is clear that violence is mixed and run with all types of films. Hence, this can be inferred.

3. 3; We can't compare cinema with other means of entertainment.

4. 2; From the fifth sentence, it is clear that the favourite stars influence the teenagers. This may be extended to the viewers of all age groups.

5. 2; From the first sentence we may infer that violence was not the taste of viewers in the past. From this we may generalise change in taste for every generation.

6. 5; (b) + converted (a) gives no conclusion. Hence I and IV do not follow. But they form a complementary pair. Hence either I or IV follows. Converted (b) + (c) gives III and rejects II.

7. 3; Converted (c) + (a) gives: Some girls are not enemies ... (A). (A), on conversion, gives no conclusion. Hence II does not follow. (b) + (A) gives no conclusion. Hence I does not follow. (c) + converted (b) gives no conclusion. Hence III does not follow. IV does not follow from (a).

8. 4; (b) + converted (c) gives 1. (a) + (b) gives no conclusion. Hence II does not follow. Converted (a) gives III. Converted (c) gives IV. Hence only I, III and IV follow.

9. 2; (b) + (a) gives: Some lemons are flowers » conversion → Some flowers are lemons. Hence I follow. Converted (b) + (c) gives conclusion IV and rejects conclusions II and III.

10. 5; (b) + (c) gives conclusion II. (c) + (a) gives: Some revenues are postals → on conversion → Some postals are revenues. Hence 1 follows. I + converted (b) give conclusion III and reject IV.

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