Sunday, 3 May 2015

SBI PO Reasoning Quiz -17

Direction (Q. 1 - 5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

1) if only assumption I is implicit.

2) if only assumption II is implicit.

3) if either I or II is implicit.

4) if neither I nor II is implicit.

5) if both I and II are implicit.

1. Statement: The disinvestment in banks will eliminate scams and also reduce NPAs, thus strengthening the nation's finances.

Assumptions: I. Privatisation of banks will improve the Indian economy.

II. Corruption in private organisations is less than that in government organisations.

2. Statement: If universities in each state adopt the regional language as their medium of instruction, it will severely restrict the inter-state mobility of students and teachers.

Assumptions: I. Inter-state mobility of students and teachers is a major problem for the government.

II. There are so many languages in India.

3. Statement: Care should be taken to see that language learning does not become much of a burden on the students.

Assumptions: I. Students are already overburdened.

II. Languages do not play any important role in professional life.

4. Statement: Lack of transparency in financial and investment policies and bureaucratic delays are major hurdles as India tries to integrate its economy into the global market.

Assumptions: I. The investment policies need to be changed for large-scale globalisation in India.

II. Bureaucrats in India are corrupt.

5. Statement: Neglecting the manufacturing sector and veering towards the information technology industry is what has led to the slowdown in the economy.

Assumptions: I. Only growth in manufacturing sector can boost the Indian economy.

II. Information technology industry needs less manpower than manufacturing sector.

Direction (Q. 6 - 10): In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Give answer

1) if only conclusion I follows.

2) if only conclusion II follows.

3) if either I or II follows.

4) if neither I nor II follows.

5) if both I and II follow.

6. Statement: Bank strikes have become endemic and ad nauseam have been narrated the hardships and inconvenience caused to the public and the business community.

Conclusions: I. Bank employees are not getting proper salaries.

II. Bank comes under essential services.

7. Statement: As computers find new markets in middleclass Indian homes and the small-office-home office (SOHO) segment, pirated software are invading PCs as never before.

Conclusions: I. Big offices and rich men rarely use pirated software.

II. Original software is very costly in comparison to the pirated one.

8. Statement: Due to excessive liberalisation, the MNCs are expanding their operations in India and products of Indian origin are losing their hold among users.

Conclusions: I. Indian products are costlier than MNC products.

II. The quality of Indian products is inferior to that of MNC products.

9. Statement: Western nations are withdrawing from UN peacekeeping missions in areas outside their strategic interest.

Conclusions: I. Western nations are more cautious about their safety.

II. The primary motive of Western countries is not to address the cause of disturbed countries, where they send their forces, but to serve their own motives.

10. Statement: India has one of the world's largest reservoirs of technical personnel, but also the world's largest number of illiterates, the world's largest middle class, and also the largest number of people below the poverty line, and the largest number of children suffering from malnutrition.

Conclusions: I. The population of India is highest in the world.

II. India is the largest democratic country in the world.

Answers

1. 2; I is a restatement. Hence does not follow. Disinvestment in banks means moving towards privatisation. Clearly, the Speaker is assuming II; that is why he talks about elimination of scams.

2. 2; I is not implicit. On the contrary, the restriction of this mobility seems to be assumed a problem. II is implicit; that is why we talk of "regional language".

3. 4; It is possible that because of the difficulty of language learning courses, students quit their studies in the middle. Assuming this reason, he may have stated so.

4. 1; There may be other reasons for bureaucratic delays, eg long enquiry process by different departments on different angles. Hence II is not implicit. I is implicit in the "lack of transparency" clause.

5. 4; He may be assuming that manufacturing sector and information technology industry should be run together with equal stress to boost the economy.

6. 4; Though bank strikes cause severe inconvenience to the pubic and business Community, it can't be concluded that banks come under essential Services. Hence II does not follow. The reason of strike can't be determined from the given Statement . Hence I does not follow.

7. 5; Pirated Software has been specifically linked to the ostrich. Hence I follows. And what can be the reason for distinction between the rich and the notsorich? Cost seems to be the distinguishing factor. Hence II follows.

8. 3; Why would a user prefer a particular product? Either because it is cheaper (conclusion I) or because it is superior in quality (conclusion II).

9. 2; It is only because of II that they are With drawing from UN peacekeeping missions. 1 does not follow.

10. 4; The type of governance can't be determined from the Statement. Hence II does not follow. I also can't be concluded.

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